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What is doping?

Doping is the intended or unintended use by an Athlete of a substance or method banned by the WADA Prohibited List. Doping also includes the administration or attempted administration to any Athlete of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting or covering up an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) or any attempted Anti-Doping Rule Violation by an Athlete or by an Athlete Support Personnel, i.e. doctor, coach etc. The following constitutes an ADRV by an Athlete, and if involved also the Athlete Support Personnel:

  1. The presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athlete’s Sample.
  2. Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method.
  3. Evading, Refusing or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection.
  4. Whereabouts Failures.
  5. Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of the Doping Control.
  6. Possession of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method.
  7. Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.
  8. Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Method or any Prohibited Substance that is prohibited Out-of-Competition.
  9. Complicity.
  10. Prohibited Association.


Why is doping prohibited?

Doping is prohibited as it has the potential to enhance sport performance, as it represents an actual or potential health risk to athletes, and as it violates the spirit of sport.


What it the “strict liability principle”?

Under the WADA Code and the ISF Anti-Doping Rules and Policies, Athletes are responsible for what they ingest and what is detected in their urine or blood samples. This means that a violation occurs whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally, knowingly or unknowingly, used a Prohibited Substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault.


What does Prohibited Association mean?

Under the Prohibited Association rule, Athletes and other Persons are prohibited from working with Athlete Support Personnel that are currently sanctioned, or have been sanctioned within the previous six years, for an ADRV. For an Athlete or other Person to be found in violation of the Prohibited Association rule, they must previously have been advised in writing of the Person’s ‘disqualifying status’ by the applicable Anti-Doping Organization (ADO) or by WADA. In this respect WADA has established and published a Global List of Suspended Athlete Support Personnel, which will be continuously updated as new information is provided. Therefore, make sure to check back to the Global List of Suspended Athlete Support Personnel prior to considering working with any (new) Athlete Support Personnel.


What to find in the following sections on the ISF website?

The following sections contain information regarding ISF Anti-Doping Rules and Policies, the WADA Prohibited List, Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs), as well as Education and Awareness. Additional content will be added and existing content modified in accordance with the ISF Anti-Doping Action plan, and taking into account rules and policy changes. Therefore check back regularly in order to keep up to date with WADA and ISF Anti-Doping requirements. Should you require further information on the ISF Anti-Doping program, please contact the ISF at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.